24/7 Homework Help

Studykind Will Help You Write Your Essays and Term Papers

From initial topic to finished paper

Question:

operational excellence week1 assi

by | Jun 5, 2022 | fresh

School of Computer & Information Sciences

ITS-631 Operational Excellence

Chapter 1 – Information Systems for Business
and Beyond (2019)

Learning Objectives

• define what an information system is by
identifying its major components;

• describe the basic history of information
systems; and

• describe the basic argument behind the article
“Does IT Matter?” by Nicholas Carr.

Information Systems Constantly Changing

• IS Systems change daily
• Electronic components also change constantly

– Smartphones
– Laptops
– Personal computers

• Defining Information Systems
– A set of related components that collect, process, store, and distribute

information to support decision making and control in an organization.
– Combine hardware, software, and networks to collect, create, and

distribute data (used typically in an organization).

Components of Information Systems

• Technology
– Hardware

– Software

– Data

• Networking Communication

• People

• Process

The Role of Information Systems
• Based on Era
• The Main Frame Era
• The PC Revolution
• Client Server
• The Internet, World Wide

Web and E-Commerce
• Web 2.0
• The Post-PC World

Information Systems and Competitive
Advantage

• Implementation of IS can bring a competitive advantage
– Efficiencies
– Effectiveness

• Nicholas Carr “I.T. Doesn’t Matter”
– IT is as common as electricity
– Something to be managed to reduce costs

• Read Sidebar: Walmart Uses Information Systems to
Becomethe World’s Leading Retailer

References

• Bourgeous, D., Smith, J., Wang. S., Mortati, J.
(2019). Information Systems for Business and
Beyond. Retrieved from
https://opentextbook.site/informationsystem
s2019/.

Cover

School of Computer & Information Sciences

ITS-631 Operational Excellence

Chapter 2 – Information Systems for Business
and Beyond (2019)

Learning Objectives

• describe information systems hardware;

• identify the primary components of a
computer and the functions they perform; and

• explain the effect of the commoditization of
the personal computer.

Hardware
• desktop computers
• laptop computers
• mobile phones
• tablet computers
• e-readers
• storage devices, such as flash drives
• input devices, such as keyboards, mice, and scanners
• output devices such as printers and speakers.

Digital Devices
• Processes electronic signals into discrete values
• Binary values (1=on, 0= off)
• Each value (1 or 0) is a bit

– Eight bits = 1 byte

• PCs
– 1st PCs could only process 8 bits of data at once
– Today PCs can process 64-bits of data at once

• Read Sidebar: Understanding Binary

Tour of a PC
• Processing data: The CPU
• CPU = Central Processing Unit
• The brains of the device

• Read: Sidebar: Moore’s Law and Huang’s Law
– The number of integrated circuits on a chip

doubles every two years
– VS
– Speeds of GPUs are increasing faster.

Hardware Components
• Motherboard

– the main circuit board on the computer
– Other components (CPU, memory, and storage) connect into the motherboard, contain

integrated components like network cards, video, etc.., contains the bus of the PC (which
determines the computer’s speed)

• RAM
– Working Memory (Random Access Memory)

• Hard Disk
– Used for longer term storage

• Solid State Drives
• Removable Media

Connections, Input and Output
• Network Connections- digital network
• Input and Output

– Bluetooth – a method to connect via wireless technology

• Input Devices
– Scanners
– Microphones
– Keyboard/Mouse
– Webcams

• Output Devices
– Display/ Monitor
– Speakers
– Printer

Sidebar: Which Hardware Components
Contribute….

• Many elements contribute to the speed of your computer

– Hardware = increase by giving electrons less distance to travel in completing a circuit

– Multi-core processors (CPUs)

Other Computing Devices

• Portable Computers

• Smartphones

• Tablet Computers

• Integrated Computing and Internet of Things
(IoT)

References

• Bourgeous, D., Smith, J., Wang. S., Mortati, J.
(2019). Information Systems for Business and
Beyond. Retrieved from
https://opentextbook.site/informationsystem
s2019/.

Cover

School of Computer & Information Sciences

ITS-631- Operational Excellence

Chapter 2 – Information Technology and
Organizational Learning

Introduction
• The IT Dilemma
• What are the perceptions and realities regarding the importance

of technology from organization leaders, business managers, and
core operations personnel?

• The assimilation of technical people into an organization presents
a special challenge in the development of true organizational
learning practices.

• IT and non-IT personnel must be integrated to enhance
organizational learning.

Recent Background and IT in the Organizational
Context

• Recent Background
– IT seen as a kind of variable that allows the business to reinvent

itself.

• IT in the Organizational Context
– The impact it bears on the organizational structure
– The role it can assume in business strategy
– The ways in which it can be evaluated
– The extent to which CEOs feel the need to manage operational

knowledge to manage IT effectively

IT and Org Structure
• IT can lead to centralization of organizational control

• IT can lead to decentralization of organizational control

• IT can bear no impact on organizational control

• Organizations and IT can interact in an unpredictable
manner

• IT can enable new organizational arrangements such as
networked or virtual organizations

The Role of IT in Business Strategy

• Grid to assess the impact of IT operations and strategy based on specific questions:

Ways of Evaluating IT and Executive Knowledge
of IT

• Ways of Evaluating IT
– ROI
– Cost allocations
– Statistical probabilities of returns

• Executive Knowledge and Management of IT
– Vision
– Insights
– Skills
– Core competencies
– Review: IT A View from the Top (table 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3)

Defining the IT Dilemma
• Wide range of inconsistent practices

– Should executives use IT as part of their business strategy and
operations?

– Cultural assimilations lag behind the actual involvement of IT in
the strategic direction of the organization.

• Recent Developments in Operational Excellence
– Decline in financial markets and mergers = opportunity for IT that

reinforces the need for integration via organizational learning.

References

• Langer, A. M. (2018). Information Technology
and Organizational Learning. 3rd edition.
Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. ISBN: 978-1-138-
23858-9

School of Computer & Information Sciences

ITS-631- Operational Excellence

Chapter 1 – Information Technology and
Organizational Learning

Introduction

• The book reviews from a personal perspective
the explanation of IT, organizational learning,
and the practical relationship between IT and
organizational learning.

• Utilizes the Ravell Corporation examples
throughout the book

A New Approach
• Fix the Problem

• Gather Information

• Single loop and double-loop learning

• The Blueprint for Integration – day-to-day operations

• Enlisting Support

• Assessing Progress

Resistance in the Ranks and Line Management

• Resistance in the Ranks
– Political behavior can be detrimental to organizational learning effort

• Line Management to the Rescue
• Critical for success in transformational situations
• IT Begins to reflect
• Defining an Identity for IT

– Who we are and what is our purpose

• Implementing the Integration: A Move toward Trust and Reflection
– Through credibility

Key Lessons
• Defining Reflection and Learning for an Organization
• Working toward a Clear Goal
• Commitment to Quality
• Teaching Staff “Not to Know”
• Transformation of Culture
• Alignment with Administrative Departments

– Vitally important to integrate IT with various departments to increase
adoption of organizational learning

References

• Langer, A. M. (2018). Information Technology
and Organizational Learning. 3rd edition.
Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. ISBN: 978-1-138-
23858-9

HOME TO CERTIFIED WRITERS

Why Place An Order With Us?

  • Certified Editors
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Profesional Research
  • Easy to Use System Interface
  • Student Friendly Pricing

Have a similar question?

Services that we offer

Your Paper Is In Safe Hands

PLAGIRAISM FREE PAPERS

All papers we provide are well-researched, properly formatted and cited.

TOP QUALITY

All papers we provide are well-researched, properly formatted and cited.

HIGHLY SECURED

All papers we provide are well-researched, properly formatted and cited.

Related Assignments

Study more efficiently

Quickly get your essay from idea to final graft save time, money and effort.

Boost your grade

Get through your toughest problem and learn how to solve them from expert writers

Essay Writing Service Ready to Help Online 24/7

Hire a professional just from $9.99

Click here

Chat now
1
Powered by Studykind
Hello! Welcome to to our whatapp support.

We offer READY solutions, HIGH QUALITY PLAGIARISM FREE essays and term-papers.

We are online and ready to help.